Violencia y exclusión en J. G. Herder - 10.11156/aries/2020.AR0004020

Violence and Exclusion in J. G. Herder. ABSTRACT: It is intended to account for the legitimation that J. G. Herder makes of violence and exclusion as the natural mode of relations between different cultures; It has been used as a methodological strategy to collect the main theses of his work Essay on the origin of language. The analysis of the text will help to understand the need for exclusion and violence to preserve the internal cohesion of cultures. It seeks to offer one more perspective of the author. This less studied perspective of our author, makes that later it is read and retaken, as in the case of Gadamer, with a supposed universal character and as an apostle of the great justice or equity of History, however, in our way of seeing not only lays the foundations for differentiation, but also for subordination and clear contempt between own and strange, the cultured and the barbarian, where the identity, culture and soul of the people so pure, authentic and different leaves no room for anyone other than possess them naturally. This perspective shows the tensions, lights, and shadows of the problems that coexistence between different and distant cultures raises. For this we will start fundamentally from the notion of circle, this notion that it raises and predetermines, will help us to better understand its postulates, the narrower the circle and the radius of action of a language and a people, the more it is strengthened towards the interior and in contrast to the exterior, outside the circle it is nothing, even the circle already predetermines it. Keywords: violence, exclusion, cultures.