Artículo

COMPARING REMIGRATION AND MIGRATION EXPERIENCES OF NATURALISED MIGRANTS AND NATIVES FROM SPAIN IN A RE-NATIONALISED EUROPE: FAMILY STRATEGIES AND COLECTIVE ACTION

The 2008 economic crisis had disastrous consequences for the Spanish labour market, resulting in an increase of emigration flows. Such flows included both native Spaniards and naturalised Spanish citizens of migrant origin, many of them from Latin America. Moreover, ‘emigration’ in this context has meant a great variety of (im)mobility strategies including ‘returns’, ‘remigration’, ‘circular migration’ and multi-stage ‘migrations’, with sometimes members of the same family being involved in different mobility strategies (including immobility) depending on several factors. Amongst these factors, having EU citizenship has been key. Many of these strategies are also proving to be short-lived or open-ended, suggesting increased uncertainty and more temporary frameworks. This paper seeks to compare the experiences of recent migrants from Spain to other EU countries, taking into account the cases of both native Spaniards and naturalised migrants. As well as focusing on the family level, looking at ways in which labour and family decisions are integrated from a gendered perspective, the paper also considers collective actions aimed at defending or claiming rights in a context of re-nationalisations in Europe. It is based on two different projects, one studying the strategies of Colombian migrants in Spain against the crisis, conducted in Madrid, London and Brussels in 2013-2015, and more recent research (2018-2020) into the family, labour and political strategies of recent migrants from Spain in London, Brussels and Berlin.    
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