Migrant workers at the edge. The indirect exclusion of welfare state.

In Southern Europe the financial crisis of 2008 has been a severe setback in public policies of welfare state. The lack of public investments in basic social services has meant that citizens can not enjoy of it or that the quality of them has been reduced significatly. In this context, migrant workers have suffered significatly from cutting social services. The exclusion of migrant workers from social services has been carried out in certain cases in a formal and explicit way, but also it is carried out through indirect exclusion dynamics. We propose to discuss the importance of these exclusion dynamics and their modalities. Our reflection will focus on two specific cases: A) The first case we will present is the exclusion of unemployement benefits for cross-borders maroccans workers in Ceuta and Melilla (spanish colonial enclaves in north Africa). B) The second case is the exclusion of minimum services for farm workers in San Ferdinando (Calabria, Italy), a migrant slum that was born from a former italian government camp created for the emergency shelter in the so called "refugee crisis in Europe". This presentation is based on my ethnographic field work research in these locations. I have developed extended stays based on collaboration with organizations that support the migrant community. The exposed results are derived from my ethnographic research and the study of the legal frameworks that condition these realities.

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